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curiousKC: What is the history of the Rosedale Arch? Local War Memorial Nestled Amid Hilltop Trees

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Above image credit: Completed in 1924, the Rosedale Arch honors veterans from the Kansas City, Kansas community. (Clarence Dennis | Flatland)
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3 minute read

Driving south on Interstate 35 from downtown Kansas City and across the state line, look to the hills on the left at about 7th Street Trafficway.

That stone monument up there in the trees? That’s the Rosedale Arch.

Look closely, though, because even born-and-raised Kansas City, Kansan and curiousKC reader Bea Springer admits the 35-foot-tall monument is hard to find.

“My husband and I were looking for it one day and couldn’t find it anywhere,” Springer said, recalling the moment that sparked curiosity. “Then we looked up and we were right in front of it.”

Springer wanted to know a little more about her hometown’s historic place.

“What’s the story behind it? How long has it been there and who maintains it?”

‘Erected By The People of Rosedale’

An excerpt from Anthony Johnston’s poem ‘Rosedale, Kansas, 1912’. (Clarence Dennis | Flatland)

On July 20, 1923, a crowd of nearly 6,000 people gathered at the top of Mount Marty in Rosedale, just a few blocks from the modern-day KU Medical Center campus.

According to the monument’s National Register of Historic Places nomination form filed in 1976, elected officials and military commanders made their respective speeches that day to the crowd of community members, before turning it over to the guest of honor and his golden spade.

Then with a jab of the shovel, the famous one-armed French Fourth Army General Henri Gouraud officially broke ground for a project to immortalize Rosedale community members who fought in World War I. It was a long time coming.

In 1922, the city of Rosedale was annexed by Kansas City, Kansas, creating legal issues regarding the $25,000 bond approved by Rosedale citizens a year prior to fund construction of the arch.

Complications were eventually straightened out and ground was broken before proud community members. Just over a year later the Rosedale World War I Memorial Arch was completed in September of 1924.

The north-facing view from the Rosedale Arch plaza.
The north-facing view from the Rosedale Arch plaza. (Clarence Dennis | Flatland)

An inscription on the monument’s south face reads: 


Through The Years

The Rosedale Arch was designed by Rosedale resident and American Legion member John Marshall.

His original plans called for the arch to serve as a gateway to an athletics field, though the dream never came to fruition. 

Ironically, construction of the adjacent Rosedale High School’s athletic field in 1930 cut off access to the arch. (Don’t feel too bad, Bea. The arch always has been hard to find.)

The planning blunder resulted in nearly 30 years of overgrown brush and dilapidation surrounding the stone memorial, until 1962 when a WWI veteran spoke up regarding the proud structure’s deterioration.

The space was soon restored by the creation of a new access road, which is still in use today. In the same year, the Rosedale Arch was rededicated to veterans of all wars.

A section of a mural dedicated to Rosedale's history and community members near Rosedale Park.
A section of a mural dedicated to Rosedale’s history and community members near Rosedale Park. (Clarence Dennis | Flatland)

Additional changes were made to the area in 1972, when a plaza with benches, lighting and walkways was constructed surrounding the arch, making for an ideal viewpoint overlooking the Kansas City skyline.

Today, the Rosedale Arch is maintained through a joint effort by the Wyandotte County and Kansas City, Kansas Unified Government Parks and Recreation Department and the Rosedale Development Association along with its AmeriCorps Kansas team.

Monument Mini-Me

The 96-year-old stone arch might look a little familiar.

One of the first students to enroll in the School of Architecture at the University of Kansas in 1912, Marshall’s studies were soon interrupted when the United States joined the Great War.

The college student enlisted and deployed overseas, where often he made sketches of the structures in Paris, including the famous Arc de Triomphe.

The National Register document also details that despite the Arc de Triomphe’s obvious source of inspiration, the Rosedale Arch more proportionately resembles the Washington Square Arch in New York City.

At 35-feet, the Rosedale Arch can be seen emerging from the trees to the south of I-35 near 7th Street Trafficway. (Clarence Dennis | Flatland)

“I just don’t think a lot of people know it’s there,” Springer added about her city’s unsuspecting memorial that’s in quite the architectural company.

Today, the Rosedale Arch serves as a symbol of the quiet KCK community. The Rosedale Development Center’s Rosedale Arch Club, is “comprised of the generous individuals, households, businesses, and institutions who are proud members of the Rosedale community and support the work we do to achieve RDA’s community-informed goals.”

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