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The Missouri/Kansas Voter Guide Making Sure Your Vote Counts

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Above image credit: Voting guide photo illustration. (Canva)
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8 minute read

In less than two months, it will be time to vote. But now is the time to make sure you are registered and have the information you need to make sure your vote gets counted.  

With the maze of confusing guidelines and messaging of how to vote constantly in flux, this guide serves as a cliff notes version with everything you need to know. Information is divided by the state you will vote in. There also are links to the forms you need and to local election offices on both sides of the state line to find more information. 

Important Dates

The main date you need to know is the General Election day, which is Nov. 3, 2020. We’ve also provided important dates by state. Voters are encouraged to act quickly and not push deadlines.


Voter Registration Deadline: Online and by mail, (must be postmarked by the deadline date) Tuesday, Oct. 13

• Request an Advance/Mail-In Ballot: by Tuesday, Oct. 27 at 5 p.m., however, the League of Women Voters of Johnson County recommends requesting by or before Oct. 6. 

• Vote early, in-person at one of the several advance voting locations in Johnson and Wyandotte counties: Begins Oct. 19.

• Return Completed Absentee/Mail-In Ballot: Drop off or mail your completed advance/mail-in ballot on or before Nov. 3 (mailed ballots must be postmarked by 5 p.m. on Nov. 3). Click here for more information.


Voter Registration Deadline: Online, by mail or in-person (must be postmarked by deadline date) Wednesday, Oct. 7

• Request an Absentee/Mail-In Ballot: Received by local election authority by Wednesday, Oct. 21 at 5 p.m. (According to the Missouri Secretary of State website: “Voters can request absentee ballots from their local election authority in person, by mail, by fax or by e-mail.”)

• Deadline to Return Completed Absentee/Mail-In Ballot: Postmarked on or before Nov. 3, 7 p.m.

Absentee and Mail-in Voting 

First, let’s explain the history of absentee ballots and mail-in ballots. 

Absentee voting provisions were first officially added in 1864. The temporary measure was added so that Civil War soldiers could vote from the battlefield, available only for the duration of the war. Fast-forward to 1918, Congress passed another temporary amendment to make a way for World War I soldiers who were physically unable to vote while they were deployed, according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Election Data Lab. 

This wouldn’t be addressed again until 1932.

“The 1932 amendment allowed the General Assembly to enact legislation establishing absentee voting privileges for individuals who could not appear at the polls because of absence from their city or town, sickness, or physical disability,” according to a 2012 report. 

In 1942 and 1944, Congress passed laws to make voting easier for soldiers who were overseas, according to the MIT election lab. In the 1960s, this law expanded to include people with disabilities, people with certain religious beliefs or practices, people who were not physically in the city or town, or were physically ill, according to National Geographic

Throughout the years, the practice of voting by mail has become a contentious point of discussion with some states allowing absentee voting without an excuse such as illness and other states who require an excuse, and a notary. 

Because the Kansas City metro area includes counties in Kansas and Missouri the two different laws apply here. 


By now, anyone who requested an advance ballot should have received one in the mail. 

If you haven’t already, any Kansas resident can request an advance or mail-in ballot. They should contact their county election offices, according to an earlier Flatland report. To get county-specific information, click on this Google Doc by the League of Women Voters.

Mail-in/absentee ballots need not be notarized in Kansas. However, it is important to note that these forms must be signed and either faxed or mailed, so stock up on your favorite stamps

Teresa Briggs, who is the co-director at the League of Women Voters of Kansas, said it’s important to know that once you request an advance ballot, you cannot vote in-person. 

“You’re marked in the book as ‘advanced ballot’ so if you don’t want to vote advanced, don’t request it,” Briggs said.

Remember that the ballots must be postmarked on or before Election Day and received no later than three days after the election. Find your local election office here.


Back in June, we spoke with Denise Lieberman, general counsel at the Missouri Voter Coalition. In Missouri, mail-in ballots in the time of COVID-19 have a few restrictions. 

In an email, Lieberman wrote: “A new law is now in effect that expands options to vote absentee or by mail

  • Voters who have or are at risk of contracting or spreading COVID-19 (including anyone over age 65) can vote absentee with NO NOTARY required. 
  • All other voters can vote by mail (but those ballots WILL need to be notarized).”

She provided this step-by-step guide on how to vote mail-in or absentee ballots:

  • Step 1: Request an absentee or mail-in ballot from your Local Election Authority
  • Step 2: Complete and sign the form to request your ballot. If voting absentee, you must check one of the reasons. 
  • Step 3: Submit your request to your Local Election Authority.  If requesting an absentee ballot, you can send the request via email, fax, mail or in-person. If requesting a mail-in ballot, send it by mail only. (You may also vote absentee in person starting 6 weeks before Election Day).
    • According to the Missouri Secretary of State: “Voters requesting a mail-in ballot by mail who have registered by mail and have not voted in person are required to submit a copy of their personal identification unless they provided a copy with their registration application.”
    • DEADLINE: Your ballot request must be RECEIVED by Oct. 21 for the November election
  • Step 4: After they get your request, they’ll process it and send you a ballot starting 6 weeks before the election. 
    • Once you get your ballot in the mail, cast your ballot and put it in the postage-prepaid envelope they provide. You must complete and sign the form on the envelope, and, where applicable, have the envelope notarized. 

Reminder – if you are casting an absentee ballot under excuse No. 2  – confinement due to illness/disability – or Excuse No. 7 – at risk for COVID-19 – those ballots do NOT need to be notarized.  All other mail-in ballots do need to be notarized. 

DEADLINE: Your completed ballot must be RECEIVED by the election authority by close of polls on Election Day.

How To Vote – Snail Mail, Drop-Off or In-Person

To vote in person, what do you need to bring and what should you expect? Is there another way to ensure your mail-in ballot is counted? Here’s what you need to know.  


Early voting is open from Oct. 14 through Nov. 2 at noon. 

Identification is required in Kansas for those who go to the polls to cast their ballot. There are a few exceptions, which include voters with religious objections (they must sign the Declaration of Religious Objection form: click here to download the form), permanent advance voters (e.g. people with disabilities or illness), and military and overseas families. 

Acceptable forms of photo ID:

  • Driver’s license or ID card issued by Kansas or another state
  • U.S. Passport
  • U.S. Military ID
  • ID card issued by a Native American tribe
  • Employee badge or ID issued by a government office
  • Student ID card from an accredited postsecondary education institution in Kansas
  • Concealed carry license issued by Kansas or another state
  • Public assistance ID card issued by a government office

For those without the aforementioned photo IDs, Briggs said voters have until the Friday after election day to provide proper identification and prove their identity. They’ll be given what’s called a “provisional ballot,” which – according to the National Conference of State Legislatures – “ensure that voters are not excluded from the voting process due to an administrative error.”

“If they do have to vote with a provisional ballot they should be given a note with information on (what to do). If not, you should ask for it,” she said. “They have to follow all the necessary steps so that (their) vote counts.”

You can vote in-person, just be sure to mask-up and adhere to the six-foot-distance guidelines. If you prefer to vote absentee/mail-in you can drop it off at the Post Office or at the Local Elections office. 


Residents cannot vote early in Missouri. 

Acceptable forms of photo ID:

  • Driver’s license or non-driver’s license 
  • U.S. passport
  • U.S. military ID. 
  • Voter registration card
  • ID from a Missouri university, college, vocational or technical school
  • Copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, government check or other government document that contains your name and address.

The provisional ballot applies in Missouri as well. As a refresher, this happens when there is “uncertainty about a voter’s eligibility—the potential voter’s name is not on the voter rolls, (or) a required identification document isn’t available or other issues,” according to the NCSL

For those who vote with absentee/mail-in ballots, be aware of the postmark deadline, Denise Lieberman says. 

“If you’re like most people and send it the day before election day, it won’t be counted if it doesn’t arrive in time,” Lieberman said.

You can vote in-person, and the rules are the same as they are in Kansas – wear a mask and remain six feet away from people around you. If you’re voting absentee, bear in mind that Thomas Marshall, general counsel and vice president of the U.S. Postal Office, advised folks to send in their ballots at least two weeks before election day.

In a letter to Missouri’s secretary of state Jay Ashcroft, Marshall wrote: “We recommend that voters who choose to mail their ballots do so no later than Tuesday, October 27.”


  • Where can I drop off my ballot if I am worried about delays with the post office? 
    • In Kansas, you can take it down to the county clerk, advance polling location or local election office on Election Day. 
      • Depending on the size of your community, ballot boxes are placed in a safe location.
      • Amber Stenger, League of Women Voters of Johnson County says: “We recommend if you haven’t returned your completed advance ballot a week before the election, consider dropping it off at the election office, drop boxes or advance voting locations or at the polls on Election Day.”
    • In Missouri, send your ballot to the local election office early and no later than Oct. 27.
  • Is it true mailing in my ballot is unsafe? 
    • Experts at voter protection coalitions say no. People have used mail in ballots for years. For example, people with an illness or disability have held permanent advanced ballots year after year. 
    • According to an NPR report: “While election experts say fraud in mail balloting is slightly more common than in in-person voting, it’s still such a minuscule amount it’s not statistically meaningful.”
    • What is unsafe, however, are ballots from some third party organization that is not from the county clerk or legitimate organizations such as the League of Women Voters. These unknown third parties are often just trying to gather information for unknown reasons. The safest best is to request one from your county clerk. 
  • When will we know the election results?
    • “With the huge increase in mail-in ballots we’re not going to see results on election night,” Denise Lieberman said. “It’s going to take some time to count those ballots. You won’t see results until the end of the week.”
  • Have Kansas City post offices been slowed down? If so, have they been ramped back up after DeJoy’s reversal? 
    • “We have not heard reports of a post-office slowdown,” says Amber Stenger, co-president of the LWVJC. “But we are encouraging everyone to submit their advance ballot applications as soon as possible (like now), and turn in the completed application as soon as you receive it.”

Correction: An earlier version of this excluded details about how to submit mail-in/absentee ballots. The current version includes detailed information from Amber Stenger, co-president of the League of Women Voters of Johnson County.

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